affinity, cross-cousin rivalry, consanguinity, extended family, kinship, proverbs,


This paper is designed to study the expression of kinship ties in Pashtu proverbs. As an integral part of Pashtun folklore, a proverb is generally cited in a conversation to convey a meaningful remark. The frequent use of proverbs in everyday discussion is to express ‘veiled sentiments’ of multiple forms which are less likely to be stated in a straightforward manner. In the great body of anthropological works on the Pashtuns, kinship ties are always studied in the broader context of their social, cultural and political functions. The present study, however, neither approves nor goes against the supposed functions of kinship ties. Instead, the workwill look at the expression of such ties at the folklore level. It is argued that proverbs are primarily spoken to indicate the opposing
nature and level of kinship ties. As affinal or blood relatives come into conflict, they do not go for physical violence directly. Alternatively, they choose proverbs as a battleground to resist and relegate rival counterparts. In order to complete the study, I have selected a number of Pashtu proverbs as units of analysis. Methodologically, this study is based on participant observation and semi-structured interviews as research tools. Through the use of these tools, I have made
successful efforts to cover the all-encompassing features of proverbs. Among others, elderly men and women were especially targeted as they held a significant reservoir of proverbs. The field site was Tehsil Killa SaifUllah in the northern part of Balochistan.




How to Cite

KINSHIP TIES IN PASHTU PROVERBS. (2022). Pakistan Journal of Society, Education and Language (PJSEL), 9(1), 424–435. Retrieved from