Comparative Analysis: ChatGPT vs Traditional Teaching Methods


  • Ayesha Shahid PhD Scholar (ELT), Cyprus International University
  • Dr. Khizar Hayat PhD Education, Institute of Education & Research, University of the Punjab
  • Zahra Iqbal MS Scholar (ELL), Cyprus International University
  • Iqra jabeen Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Sargodha


ChatGPT, Traditional Teaching Methods, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Pedagogy, Language Education, Technology Integration


The current study aims at presenting a comparative analysis of the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
tool, i.e. ChatGPT against traditional teaching methods in a foreign language learning classroom i.e.
teaching of English as a Foreign Language (EFL). The adopting and adapting of technology in
language learning has embarked upon a great shift from traditional mode of teaching / learning to
the integration of AI tools, like ChatGPT offering new avenues for language learning. The current
study explores the efficiency, advantages, and limitations of utilizing ChatGPT together with or in
place of conventional and traditional teaching approaches in EFL classrooms. By examining and
comparing the two methodologies and their effectiveness in an EFL classroom, the study seeks to
bring into light the potential of AI-based tools in completely transforming foreign language education.
Moreover, ethical considerations and the responsible implementation of ChatGPT are explored to
ensure a balanced understanding of the implications of integrating this technology into EFL
instruction. The findings of this study contribute to the ongoing discourse on optimizing language
teaching methods and inform educators, policymakers, and stakeholders about the role and future
prospects of AI in EFL pedagogy.




How to Cite

Ayesha Shahid, Dr. Khizar Hayat, Zahra Iqbal, & Iqra jabeen. (2023). Comparative Analysis: ChatGPT vs Traditional Teaching Methods. Pakistan Journal of Society, Education and Language (PJSEL), 9(2), 585–593. Retrieved from