Unveiling Socio-Economic Struggles: A Marxist Critique of Class Suppression in Mueenuddin’s Short Stories
Keywords:Social Class, Suppression, Marxist Philosophy, Proletariat, Bourgeoisie
This paper delves into the theme of class suppression in Daniyal Mueenuddin's short stories, namely "Provide, Provide," "About a Burning Girl" and "In Other Rooms, Other Wonders". Employing a materialist interpretation of historical development and adopting a dialectical perspective influenced by Marxist philosophy, the study scrutinizes the dynamics of class relations and societal conflicts depicted in these narratives. The stories illustrate a stark reality where landlords and industrialists oppress the lower classes for their own gain and pleasure. Drawing on the foundational ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, specifically the notion that "whole hitherto history is the history of working class" (Newton, 199, p.82), the analysis centers around characters such as K.K. Harouni and other influential figures in his circle who exploit the working class in various dimensions—socially, economically, physically, and emotionally. The female characters from the lower middle class, exemplified by figures like Husna and Zainab, become objects of
pleasure and sexual exploitation for these aristocrats, enduring such exploitation for minimal financial compensation and job security for their male counterparts. The study reveals that urgent attention is required to elevate the consciousness of the proletariat, empowering them to recognize their position and assert their rights.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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