Enhancing Social-Emotional Skills in Early Childhood Education - A Comparative Analysis


  • Dr. Abdul Qayyum Assistant Professor (Education) University of Jhang, Pakistan.
  • Amber Saeed Mphil Scholar, Department of Education Institute of Southern Punjab Multan Pakistan.
  • Hafiz Muhammad Awais Lecturer in English University of Sahiwal, Pakistan.
  • Dr, Abrar Hussain Qureshi Assistant Professor (English) University of Sahiwal, Pakistan.


Social-Emotional Development, Early Childhood Education, solving problems, Empathy, Peer interaction skills, seeking attention, avoiding fighting or conflict


This research aimed to examine the social-emotional development among 4 to 8-year-old children in Punjab, Pakistan, and the interaction between teachers and parents in their mental upbringing, especially in two districts of Punjab. This study used the mixed method research design. Sixty public and private schools from Jhang and Multan were chosen using the convenience sampling technique. The data was collected using the questionnaires and interviews. Prior to data collection, the study instrument's validity and usability were verified. Each of the schools in the Early Childhood Education (ECE) program was observed two times to assess their social-emotional development. Qualitative data were analyzed with statistical tools, and qualitative data were analyzed according to a thematic scheme. The research determined that there is a need to enhance the pupils'social-emotional development. The private school children exhibited a greater proficiency in social and emotional development skills (variables) such as solving problems, empathy, peer interaction skills, seeking attention, and avoiding fighting or conflict. The teachers and parents were alsofacing challenges stemming from the disparities in pupils' backgrounds and cultures, insufficient time dedicated to fostering these developmental skills within the school, and variations in children's personalities. It is advisable to engage parents, in addition to the school, in the cultivation of their children's social-emotional development at this early stage of schooling.




How to Cite

Dr. Abdul Qayyum, Amber Saeed, Hafiz Muhammad Awais, & Dr, Abrar Hussain Qureshi. (2024). Enhancing Social-Emotional Skills in Early Childhood Education - A Comparative Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Society, Education and Language (PJSEL), 10(2), 159–175. Retrieved from https://pjsel.jehanf.com/index.php/journal/article/view/1386