PSYCHO-SOCIAL EFFECTS OF PARENTAL INCARCERATION ON CHILDREN WELL-BEING IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN
Keywords:Parental Incarceration, Stigma, Shame, Child Labour, and Four Walls.
This study quantitatively examined socio-economic and psychological effects of parental incarceration on children personalities at District Mardan. For collection of the relevant information, 150 respondents were purposively selected through simple random sampling method and then the data was collected through structured interview schedule. Univariate and bivariate levels of analysis were carried out with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Chi-Square test statistics was applied. The study concluded a significant association (P=≥0.05) between the effects of parental incarceration on children personalities with the statements such as increasing feelings of tension and anxiety, violent and aggressive attitudes, honour damaging, defective socialization, child labour, weak academic performance, increasing drop out ratio from educational institutions, less involvement in the co-curricular activities and weak presentation/communication skills of children. Initiation of various programs that solve different issues faced by children such as psychological, financial and educational needs of the children with incarcerated parents, provision of free of cost health, educational and legal support to the children with incarcerated parents, regular contact of children with their parents in prisons, and awareness raising programs at community level that could mitigate the concept of shame and stigma attached with parental incarceration were presented some of the policy recommendation in light of the study results.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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LICENSED BY: THE WORK OF PJSEL IS LICENSED UNDER CREATIVE COMMON ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNATIONAL