• Rukhshanda Zarar Lecturer in the Department of Social Work, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University Quetta, Pakistan.
  • Prof. Dr. Naheed Abrar Professor, Department of Social Work Federal Urdu University Arts, Science and Technology Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Dr. Ayesha Gul Assistant Professor /Head of Social Work Department Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University Quetta, Pakistan. (Corresponding Author) Email:


Gender, discrimination, impact, Social development, freedom, women’s right, cultural values


Gender discrimination is a sensitive and critical issue all over the world. Every woman experiences gender discrimination in her life whether it is a modern or a developing society. In developing countries like Pakistan gender discrimination is more deep rooted in both rural and urban societies. The aim of this study is to find out the causes and impact of gender discrimination against woman in Quetta city. A quantitative research method was used to achieve the objectives of this study. A mixed sample of literate and illiterate, male and female respondents was selected at random and data was collected through questionnaires distributed among the literate groups while the illiterate group was interviewed. The data of this study shows that women face gender discrimination in their entire life. The low education level, cultural pressure, poor socio-economic conditions, religious influence and societal trends and different social behaviors against women are the main causes of gender discrimination. The illiterate group had more favored the gender discrimination. Majority of the respondents want change to end this kind of societal behavior.



How to Cite

Rukhshanda Zarar, Prof. Dr. Naheed Abrar, & Dr. Ayesha Gul. (2021). CAUSES AND IMPACT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON WOMEN’S DEVELOPMENT . Pakistan Journal of Society, Education and Language (PJSEL), 7(2), 145-154. Retrieved from