EFFECT OF MULTI-GRADE TEACHING ON STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE ABILITIES IN MULTI-GRADE LITERACY CENTERS OF PUNJAB
Keywords:multi-grade teaching, single-grade teaching, cognitive abilities, effects
It was a quantitative study for the dissertation of Ph. D. The aim of the study was to explore the effects of multi-grade teaching on the cognitive abilities of students of literacy centers of Punjab. All the students of grade V studying in literacy centers and formal public schools of the Punjab were population of the study. The researchers took the sample from all the students of grade V of literacy centers of Rawalpindi and equal number of their counterparts from formal schools of Rawalpindi. The collected data were analyzed by using t-tests, means and standard deviation with the help of SPSS. The results showed that multi-grade teaching system had no adverse impact on the cognitive abilities of literacy centers of Punjab. Compared with the per student expenditure of the Punjab government on the education of formal students and literacy learners, the study showed that much of national capital can be saved through multi-grade teaching system, with no negative impact on the cognitive abilities of students.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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