‘TALK OF SUNLIGHT’: EXPLORING ECOFEMINISM THROUGH METAPHORS IN SELECTED POEMS OF DAUD KAMAL
Keywords:Ecofeminism, Pakistani culture, Pakistani Literature, Women status, Ecological degradation
The present study highlights the status of women and nature in Pakistani culture by exploring ecofeminism through metaphors in the selected poems of Daud Kamal. The study uses Karen Warren’s theory of ecofeminism asserting that women and the environment are inextricably associated. The plundering of one catastrophically affects the other and both continue to suffer. The qualitative method of study explores and evaluates the social standing of women and nature through ecofeminist lens with a particular focus on Pakistani patriarchal and culture stricken society leading to gender inequality. The study makes use of textual analysis to analyze the selected poems and is significant as it focuses on women and the environment as being marginalized. Females and ecology’s oppression at the hands of patriarchy is the root cause of several issues that push them into an abyss of forgetfulness thus leading to oppression of women in the name of culture, religion, social face-saving, sexuality and gender while the environment is degraded by exploiting natural resources for temporary gains. The metaphors used in the selected poems depict the subjugation of women and nature and analyze it in connection with ecofeminism. It concludes to illuminate that the relationship between ecofeminism and Pakistani women is very strong as it defines cultural norms where both are degraded and devalued due to their social status. Future studies can be conducted in terms of comparative analysis of Indian and Pakistani cultures with relation to ecofeminism.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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LICENSED BY: THE WORK OF PJSEL IS LICENSED UNDER CREATIVE COMMON ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNATIONAL