EMIGRATION AND THE WELFARE OF THE ABANDONED CHILDREN: A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR, KP, PAKISTAN
Keywords:Emigration, Left-behind Children, Well-being, Impact.
This study was conducted to appraise and gauge the influence of fathers’ emigration on the welfare of the abandoned children in district Peshawar, KP, Pakistan. Quantitative research method was used for the current study. Twenty-one Private Schools in Peshawar Cantonment, Pakistan, were used for data collection. The study population for the current research was the students of 9th and 10th. Through simple random sampling technique, a sample of 221 students was taken. The data was collected on the basis of simple random sampling using a questionnaire. For the analysis of data, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer program was used. The collected data was analyzed under the theoretical framework of “Emotional Attachment Theory” and “Family System Theory” presented by John Bowlby (1969) and Dr. Murray Bowen (1950) respectively. The findings of the study infer that emigration has both pros and cons for the left-behind children. Physically and materially these children were positively affected, whereas, socially and mentally they were adversely affected. In the light of the findings, the researcher recommends that the emigrant fathers should have maximum telephonic contact with their children, the government should arrange saving systems for the families of the immigrants ensuring the moderate-cum-just utilization of the remittances, every educational institution should arrange caring and counseling services for the children whose parents are abroad, the guardians of the children whose parents are abroad should look after them and persuade them for sports and exercise which, in turn, will ensue psychological and physical fitness. These families should retain in highly developed umbworld ensuring the socialization and safety of their children, the government should devise inclusive strategies to stop the brain drain of skilled labors, and the government should devise inclusive economic policies spending on the social sector to alleviate poverty.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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LICENSED BY: THE WORK OF PJSEL IS LICENSED UNDER CREATIVE COMMON ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNATIONAL