PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPRIVATION AMONG WIDOWS AND ITS EFFECTS ON THEIR QUALITY OF LIFE IN MALAKAND DIVISION
The objective of the study was to analyze various dimensions of psychological and emotional problems faced by widows and its immediate effects on their quality of life. The present study was conducted in District Lower Dir Malakand Division. The total number of union councils in Dir lower is 198, from which three were selected purposively. The data was collected from the primary respondents; widows. A sample size selection criterion was based upon pilot survey of three union councils, where the total number of widows was 356. Methods of percentage and frequency were used in uni-variate analysis and similarly Chi-Square test was conducted through Bi-Variate analysis. At Uni-Variate analysis, majority of the respondents viewed that they are facing psychological problems in the form of tension, anxiety, depression, extortion, sexual assault and harassment. Moreover, at Bi-Variate analysis significant association was found between widows quality of life and their psychological problems, P= (.001) in the form of feelings of loneliness and rejection are reported more in divorced/widow women. Similarly, P= (0.001) widows are often unwelcome at social events and religious festivals and avoided by others because they are considered source of bad luck. In addition, P= (0.000) Widows faces harassment, P= (0.000) Widow faces extortion. It has been summarized that, psychologically, widows are victims of more depression, more anxiety and stress as compared to married women. It has also been recommended that Widows should be made emotionally and psychologically secure through remarriage, social acceptance, psychotherapy and counseling.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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