THE ROLE OF ANTI-TALIBAN LASHKAR (ARMED MILITIA) IN PREVENTION OF TERRORISM IN CONFLICT AFFECTED AREAS
The present study aims at investigating the role of Pakhtun’s traditional institution called Lashkar (armed militia) in peace making at conflict affected communities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. For this purpose, Data were collected through a structured interview schedule from a sample of 278 household members in four selected villages of Dir Upper and Dir Lower Districts. A Chi square test was applied to ascertain association between different aspects of independent variable Lashkar with dependent variable the state of peace in the study area. It was found that the presence of Lashkar in the area has a significant association with state of peace in the area. The role of Lashkar in pushing out militants from the area, maintaining control, provision of safety and security to local people were the main significant aspects related to peace in the area. On the other hand, a non-significant association was noted between the state of peace with provision of arms to Lashkar by government and Lashkar as a symbol of peace in the area. It is concluded that in the face of external aggression Lashkar is playing a vital role the security of community but it is not considered as a whole the symbol of peace and the government should not facilitate provision of arms to local people.
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PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF SOCIETY, EDUCATION AND LANGUAGE (PJSEL)Abbreviated KEY Title: Pak. j. soc. educ. lang. (Online) URL: http://pjsel.jehanf.com/archives.php ISSN 2523-1227 (Online), ISSN 2521-8123 (Print
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